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Pegna-Bonmartini Rondine

The Pegna-Bonmartini Rondine, or Pegna Rondine, is a single-seat ultralight sport aeroplane designed by Giovanni Pegna and built by Piaggio in Italy during 1923.


Jona J-6

The Jona J-6 was an experimental Italian sesquiplane built in 1936 to demonstrate a novel, tilting wing stabilisation system. A military trainer development without the moving wing was produced in small numbers.


Famà Kiss 209

The Famà Kiss 209M is an Italian ultralight two-seat helicopter, built from composite materials around a steel frame and with an optional retractable undercarriage. The moniker "Kiss" stands for "keep it stupidly simple", reflecting the philosoph ...


Horikawa H-22

The H-22B-3 was one of the first gliders to be built in Japan after World War II. Its open fuselage structure and overall simplicity was similar to the pre-war Zogling and its descendants but it was larger and had tandem seating. Many deaths and ...


L.A.D. Mita 3

The Kirigamine Mita is a training glider, seating two in tandem, designed in Japan in the early 1960s. A modified version, first flown in 1966, was produced in modest numbers.


Tachihi R-53

The Tachihi R-53 was amongst the first aircraft built in Japan after the relaxation of the ban imposed at the end of World War II. It is a parasol-wing, two seat, training aircraft powered by a British engine. Only one was produced.


Toyo T-T.10

Toyo Aircraft was established in June 1952 and their first aircraft, the T-T.10, was completed by the end of the year. It is of mixed construction; the wing is built entirely from wood and fabric around two spars, with a plywood skin enclosed wit ...


Tainan TN-1

The Tainan TN-1, alternatively known by the manufacturers name Tainan F-5, is a single seat glider built in Japan in the 1970s. There was no series production.


Yokosuka K1Y

The Yokosuka K1Y, also known as the Navy Type 13 Trainer, was a Japanese single-engined biplane trainer of the 1920s. Designed by the Japanese Navy Arsenal at Yokosuka, over 100 were built by several manufacturers, the type being used by the Impe ...


Yokosuka MXY1

At the end of 1935, the Air Service Command of the Imperial Japanese Navy commissioned the Yokosuka Navy Technical Arsenal to carry out aerodynamic research with a parasol monoplane similar to the Parnall Parasol, but not related. The aircraft wa ...



The KOD-1 was an Estonian-designed Latvian trainer aircraft built by Liepājas Kara Ostas Darbnīcas. The KOD-1 was built from 1936 until 1938 and was used as a trainer by the Latvian Aeroclub and the Aizsargi home guard.


1910s Russian experimental aircraft


Oblongleaf snakeherb

Dyschoriste oblongifolia is a species of the genus Dyschoriste, in the family Acanthaceae. Dyschoriste oblongifolia is also called oblongleaf snakeherb or twinflower.


1920s Spanish experimental aircraft


1950s Swedish experimental aircraft


1900s Swiss experimental aircraft


1960s Swiss experimental aircraft


Schretzmann S.W.1 Pegasus

The Pegasus was designed and built by Walter Schretzmann, who began its construction in April 1968. It first flew in November 1972. It is an all wood aircraft with wooden spars, frames and entirely plywood covered. All flying surfaces are cantile ...


IAE VUT Marabou

The IAE VUT Marabou was built as a piloted test vehicle to develop autonomous control of unmanned aerial vehicles flying in civil airspace. Czech-designed and constructed, it first flew in April 2010.


Koolhoven Heidevogel

Frits Koolhoven began as car dealer and racing driver but his entry into aviation came in partnership with Henri Wijnmalen whose uncle was the Verwey in the motor car manufacturing business, Verwey and Lugard. An aviation department of the latter ...


Van Meel Brikken

The Van Meel Brikken was an early Dutch Farman type biplane. Three were built, one being the first Dutch military aircraft and another the first Dutch water-borne one. Two were used by the Dutch Army Aircraft Division as trainers.


Carley C.12

The Carley C.12 was a small Dutch single seat sporting monoplane from the 1920s. There were several developments but only small numbers were produced.


Holland H.1

By late 1923 Joop Carley had already designed and built the single seat Carley C.12 monoplane and received funding from Vliegtuig Industrie Holland VIH for its development. He set up Carleys Aeroplanes Company for the purpose and also designed a ...


Pander D

When Vliegtuig Industrie Holland VIH English: Aircraft Industry Holland became insolvent in 1924, Its core staff and property were bought by H. Pander who set up Nederlandse Fabriek van Vliegtuigen H. Pander & Zonen English: Dutch Aircraft Factor ...


Pander P-1

The Pander P-1 and P-2 were close to-identical single engine Dutch sports aircraft with tandem seats and a parasol wing, first flying in 1929. Only two were built.


Pander P-3

The P-3 was the third of a series of parasol wing, single engine, two seat light aircraft built around 1930 by the Dutch company Pander & Sons, the earlier ones being the almost identical P-1 and P-2. The P-3 differed considerably from these in i ...


Van Berkel W-B

The Van Berkel W-B was a single engine Dutch long range reconnaissance seaplane built in the early 1920s for work in the Dutch East Indies. Six were operated by the Dutch Naval Aviation Service with disappointing results, though the last two were ...


1920s Soviet and Russian experimental aircraft



The TsAGI A-4, sometimes anglicised as CAHI A-4 or ZAGI A-4, was an early Russian autogyro, influenced by Cierva designs and delivered in small numbers to the Soviet Air Force in 1934.


1930s Soviet experimental aircraft


1940s Soviet experimental aircraft


1950s Soviet experimental aircraft


1960s Soviet experimental aircraft


1970s Soviet experimental aircraft


1980s Soviet experimental aircraft


1990s Soviet and Russian experimental aircraft


Gaunt biplane no.2

The Gaunt biplane no.2 Baby was a single-engine, single-seat biplane, designed by John Gaunt and flown by him with some success from Southport sands in Lancashire, England during the summer of 1911.


Lakes Sea Bird

The Lakes Sea Bird was a two-seat floatplane built during 1912 by the Lakes Flying Company using the fuselage of the Avro Duigan which had been built by Avro for John Robertson Duigan. It gave many visitors to Windermere their first flight in the ...


Perry Beadle T.1

The Perry Beadle T.1 was a single-seat, single engine biplane built and flown in the United Kingdom in 1913. In 1914 it flew with a more powerful engine and other modifications as the Perry Beadle T.2, which was acquired by the Royal Navy Air Ser ...


Seddon Mayfly

The Seddon Mayfly was a tandem biplane of unusual construction. It was designed by Royal Navy Lieutenant John W. Seddon and A. G. Hackett and built by Accles & Pollock. When built it was the largest aeroplane in the world, but it failed to fly wh ...


CLW Curlew

The CLW Curlew was a two-seat, single-engined training aircraft built partly to demonstrate a new wing structure. It flew successfully in the UK in 1936, but the company went bankrupt and only one Curlew flew.


Orcutt grass

Orcuttia is a genus of grass in the family Poaceae. Plants grow up to 20 cm tall, usually with many stems emerging from the base of the plant, and forming a tuft. The spikelets are several-flowered, with reduced upper florets. The lemma tips have ...


Swift Aircraft Swift

The Swift Aircraft Swift is a single engine, conventional light aircraft, seating two in side-by-side configuration. It is being developed in the UK but has yet to fly.


Transcend Air Vy 400

In September 2018, Transcend was flying two electric-powered, one-fifth-scale prototypes to evaluate aerodynamics of the vertical and forward flight transition. It should be followed by a half-scale prototype powered by a smaller PT6 to demonstra ...


Continental KB-1

The KB-1 was Burnellis second production aircraft after his Burnelli-Carisi Biplane. Burnellis KB-1 tandem pusher biplane was a somewhat conventional design compared to his future lifting-body designs. The aircraft, developed for a U.S. Air Servi ...


Arup S-3

Raoul Hoffman worked to engineer the Arup S-2 with Dr. Snyder. Around 1933 he was diagnosed with tuberculosis and left the company for the warmer climate of Florida where he developed his own variation, the Hoffman Flying Wing. He was replaced by ...


Arup S-4

The S-4 was engineered by Raoul Hoffman. The test pilot was Glenn Doolittle, a cousin of Jimmy Doolittle. The S-4 used a low aspect ratio, circular planform wing with a conventional landing gear and a small rudder with attached elevator on the re ...


1950s Yugoslav experimental aircraft


Pandur II

The Pandur II 8x8 is an improved modular all-wheel-drive version of the Pandur 6x6 APC wheeled armoured vehicle. It was developed as a private venture by the Austrian company Steyr-Daimler-Puch Spezialfahrzeuge and is currently in production for ...



The LOV-1 is a wheeled non-amphibious armoured personnel carrier currently in use with the Croatian army and EULEX.

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